Havid Ardi

Room : Teaching Clinic/Redaksi Lingua Didaktika


Course Description

This course provides the students with the knowledge and skills of how words are formed from its smallest unit and how sentences are constructed from words. The study of how the units are combined and the rules of arranging them to form words, their structures and their phonological representation is called Morphology, and how words are arranged into larger structures such as phrases, clauses and sentences is the domain of Syntax. Therefore, Morphology and Syntax is to study the patterns and relationship of words, phrases, and clauses to form sentences and the rules by which the sentences are constructed.


The general purpose of the course is to help the students to master how meaningful units of language are arranged and the rules of governing its arrangement to become words and sentences. The specific purpose is to introduce the students to the principles of word formation and its origin and functions of inflections and derivations with their morphophonemic changes in sentences. Another specific purpose is to provide learning opportunities for the students to apply those principles governing the formation and interpretation of phrases, clauses, and sentences so that they would have the competence to use them in real life or simulated settings.

Method and Requirement

The students in this class should be actively involved in the learning process, inside and outside the classroom. In order to make this learning principle work, each student is assigned to present a topic to the class. Before coming to the class, the students need to prepare the outline of the material to be presented. But they should not merely read the prepared outline or manuscript during presentation. It is only used as a guide to facilitate their oral presentation to the class.Their own examples are required to clarify the concept. All students are required to be involved in the classroom activities by asking meaningful questions, proposing solutions, presenting arguments, or giving comments to the materials presented. This arrangement requires every students to study the material before every class meeting in order that this class would become more like a discussion session rather than a lecture class.


Each student will be assessed on the basis of his or her performance on the following: (1) mid semester test, (2) quizzes and assignments, (3) final semester test, (4) class presentation and participation. It should be known that regular attendance (having no more than 3 times absence) will be considered in determining whether a student can sit in the final semester exam.

Basic Course Outline

Week Topics References Note
1 Introduction to the Course:

The overview of Morphology and Syntax and their Relation

2 Morphemes: definition and types,

Allomorphs, homophones, and stress morphemes

Stageberg ch 8 p. 85-105

K&A ch 5 p. 150-154

3 Words Stageberg ch 9 p. 106-118
4 Inflectional Paradigm: Noun,  Verb and Auxiliaries Stageberg ch 10 p. 119-135
5 Inflectional Paradigm: Personal Pronouns, Adverb, Comparable Stageberg ch 10 p. 136-147
6 Word Formation: Clipping, acronymy, blending, back formation, compunding, derivational affixation, conversion. Stageberg ch 11 p. 148-152

K&A ch 5 p. 142-150

7 Determiner and Prepositions ;

Noun and verb clusters

Stageberg ch 12 p. 153-159

Stageberg ch 13 p. 165-167

8 Parts of Speech Stageberg ch 15 p. 191-229
10 Modification Stageberg ch 16 p. 230-261
11 Constituents and Some Syntactic Details Stageberg ch 17 and 18 p. 262-282
12 Structure of Simple Sentences K&A ch 7 p. 213-248
13 Syntax I Crane ch 9 p. 102-116
14 Syntax II Crane ch 10 p. 117-127
15 Complex Syntax K&A ch 8 p. 249-286


Crane, L.B., Yeager, R.L., and Whitman, R.L. 1981. An Introduction to Linguistics. New York: Little Brown and Company Ltd.

Kuiper, K., and Allan, W.S. 1996. An Introduction to English Language: Sound, Word And Sentence. London: MacMillan Press, Ltd.

Stageberg, N.C. 1997. An Introductory English Grammar. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc.

Veit, R. 1996. Discovering English Grammar. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Carstairs, A.-McCarthy. An Introduction to English Morphology: Words and Their Structure. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press

Aronoff, M. & Fudeman, K. What is Morphology?. Blackwell Publishing.

Newson, Mark. Basic English Syntax with Exercises.


6 thoughts on “Morphology and Syntax

  1. Oh my goodness! an incredible article dude. Thanks Nevertheless I’m experiencing challenge with ur rss . Don’t know why Unable to subscribe to it. Is there anybody getting an identical rss problem? Anybody who knows kindly respond. Thnkx

  2. Hi i have a problem to define on in this sentence

    The police said that we had to wait “on” the Verandah.

    The word on in this sentence is a shifted particle or prepositional structure ? can you explain why ? thx a lot

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